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Rottweiler Dog Breed Information, characteristics and how to care

The Rottweiler is an interesting pet choice for those who love hunting dogs and want to find a strong and trustworthy companion. However, raising and taking care of them is not simple if you do not follow the following article.

Rottweiler Overview

The Rottweiler is a large, muscular dog breed with an iconic appearance that is known for its strength and loyalty. Originating from the town of Rottweil in Germany, they have a history dating back to the Roman Empire, where they were used as herding and guarding dogs. Today, German Rottweilers are renowned for their versatility and serve as exceptional working dogs, excelling in roles such as police work, search and rescue, and service dogs. They are characterized by their strong build, with a broad head, well-developed muscles, and a distinctive black and tan coat that is short and dense.

Beneath their imposing exterior, Rottweilers are known for their calm and confident demeanor. When properly trained and socialized from an early age, they exhibit a gentle and affectionate nature with their families. Rottweilers are exceptionally loyal and protective, making them natural guardians of their homes and loved ones. While they may be reserved with strangers, they are generally good-natured and thrive on positive interactions with their human companions. Consistent training, early socialization, and regular exercise are crucial to channel their intelligence and strength positively, ensuring that Rottweilers can be both loving family pets and effective working dogs.

Overall, the Rottweiler is a strong dog breed with herd habits and protective instincts. Potentially dangerous behavior in Rottweilers is often due to human irresponsibility, abuse, neglect, and lack of training. However, the strength of the Rottweiler should not be overlooked because they are one of the dangerous dog breeds, their bite force can be up to 136 kg. Rottweiler is a quite popular dog breed but its selling price is up to 3,000 USD for each dog.

Typical characteristics and advantages of this breed are the ability to track, herd livestock, guard, protect, police, pull carts and fight dogs. This is a dog breed that can serve in special jobs, it has strong personalities. Today, Rottweilers are used in guarding, searching, protecting, and reconnaissance by police forces and ministries. border guards, in many countries this dog breed is considered a friend, a means of guarding, guarding the house, and is generally gentle and calm, although it may not be welcoming to strangers because of its instincts. territory and guarding.

Quick Facts

  • Origin: Germany
  • Size: Large
  • Breed Group: Working
  • Lifespan: 8 to 10 years
  • Coat: Rottweilers have a short, dense, and double-coated fur. Their coloration is usually black with tan markings.
  • Temperament: Rottweilers possess loyalty, confidence, and a protective nature. They display affection and gentleness towards their family while maintaining wariness around strangers due to their strong guarding instinct.
  • Exercise Needs: Rottweilers are active dogs requiring regular exercise for both physical and mental well-being. Daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation are beneficial.
  • Training: Training Rottweilers is effective with consistent, positive methods. Early socialization and obedience training are crucial for fostering good behavior and manners.
  • Grooming: Rottweilers have a short coat that demands minimal grooming. Regular brushing promotes coat health and helps manage loose hair.
  • Health: This breed can be susceptible to certain health issues, such as hip and elbow dysplasia, heart problems, and specific cancers. Providing routine veterinary care and a nutritious diet is vital for their overall health.
  • Commonly referred to as “Rotties.”


All-around friendliness

Health And Grooming Needs


Exercise needs

Appearance characteristics Rottweiler dog

Rottweilers are large, strong and very muscular dogs, especially in the shoulders, chest and hips. Although they have a “muscular” body, it does not affect the speed and agility of the Rottweiler.

Rottweiler Size

According to FCI Rottweiler standards, purebred breeds have a height (up to the highest point between the two shoulder blades – also known as the withers) from 61 – 69 cm (24 – 27 inches) for males, from 56 – 63 cm. (22 – 25 inches) with females. They weigh between 50 kg and 60 kg (110 and 132 lbs) for adult males, and from 35 kg to 48 kg (77 and 105 lbs) for adult females. Weight must be proportional to height. The length of the trunk, measured from the sternum to the ischial bone, does not exceed the height at the withers, at most 15%.

Its head is spherical in shape, the distance between the ears is large, and the muzzle is large. The eyes are a very flexible dark brown color, with yellow spots on the cheekbones above the eyes, muzzle, and four legs. Their heads are large and heavy. The forehead is round, the neck is of average length, very muscular, slightly curved, with no loose skin below the neck. The jaw is very developed and very strong, plus strong and sharp teeth, the upper and lower jaw are wide and strong, the complete set of teeth includes 42 teeth, scissor-shaped surface, the upper incisors overlap the lower jaw.

Their backs are straight, strong, and sturdy. The hips are short, strong and deep. Wide buttocks are of average length, slightly round, neither flat nor skinny. The chest is broad, wide and deep (approximately 50% of shoulder height), the front chest is very developed. Belly: the waist is not shrunken. Dark colored eyes always show goodwill, loyalty, and obedience. Triangular ears, always facing forward. The nose is black and large. The lips are black and even the inside of the muzzle is dark. Shoulders are very developed. Forearms are very muscular and developed.

Rottweiler Personality

The ideal Rottweiler is calm, confident, and courageous, never shy. He has a self-assured aloofness and doesn’t make friends with people immediately or indiscriminately. Instead, he takes a wait-and-see attitude with new people or situations. With his family, he’s affectionate, often following them around the house. This is not a highly excitable dog. He has an inherent desire to protect his family and property, but should never be aggressive toward people without cause.

The Rottweiler is smart and adaptable with a strong work ethic. You’ll see some differences between the sexes. Males are quiet but watchful, constantly assessing their surroundings for threats. Females are somewhat easier to control and may be more affectionate. Both are highly trainable but can be stubborn. Rottweilers require firm, consistent but not harsh discipline. A sharp word is often a sufficient reprimand, but only if you’ve clearly established your leadership. If not, he may try to bully or bluff you.

This is not a dog for people who lack assertiveness or don’t have time to devote to training and supervision. Earning a Rottweiler’s respect involves setting boundaries and teaching consequences for inappropriate behavior, both of which take time and patience. Temperament is affected by a number of factors, including heredity, training, and socialization. Puppies with nice temperaments are curious and playful, willing to approach people and be held by them. Choose the middle-of-the-road puppy, not the one who’s beating up his littermates or the one who’s hiding in the corner.

Always meet at least one of the parents – usually the mother is the one who’s available — to ensure that they have nice temperaments that you’re comfortable with. Meeting siblings or other relatives of the parents is also helpful for evaluating what a puppy will be like when he grows up. Like every dog, Rotties need early socialization – exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences – when they’re young. Socialization helps ensure that your Rottweiler puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog.

Enrolling him in a puppy kindergarten class is a great start. Inviting visitors over regularly, and taking him to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and on leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills.

See more: Airedale Terrier Dog Breed Information and Characteristics

Rottweiler Health

Common Rottweiler health problems include: Allergies due to eating strange, unhygienic foods or drug overdoses, gastric torsion and bloating due to eating irregularly, overeating, hip dysplasia, malignant bone tumor. In addition, they are also susceptible to genetic and blood-related diseases, snore easily, or suffer from entropion. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor and observe the Rottweiler so that it can be prevented and treated promptly.

Notes when raising Rottweiler

– It is necessary to pay attention to the necessary nutrition for Rottweiler dogs depending on their age and stage.

– Note a reasonable exercise regimen for Rottweiler dogs. Spend about 30 minutes a day letting your Rottweiler exercise. Jump around, freely play and, importantly, release excess energy in the body.

– One of the things you need to know when raising Rottweiler dogs is that you need to learn information about the diseases they often get to find ways to prevent them to help them develop most comprehensively.

– You need to take your Rottweiler dog to see a doctor immediately if there are signs of illness. It is important to take them for regular vaccination to prevent rabies.

Rottweiler Care

Rottweiler food

Besides ready-made food, to avoid boredom, you should occasionally change your dog’s dishes by combining them with many different foods. This will help stimulate their taste buds and make them eat more deliciously.

In a typical Rottweiler dog’s diet there will be the following foods: Animal meats (beef, pork), fish, crabs, seafood, animal organs including tripe, liver, heart, lungs, kidneys, brains of pigs and cows,… eggs (chicken, duck), starch, cereals (rice, porridge, biscuits), fiber found in vegetables, tubers, and fruits.

Rottweiler nutrition by stage

To help your dog grow well, you also need to feed your dog scientifically. Depending on the dog’s age, adjust the diet accordingly.

Small Rottweilers (2 months old) are often chosen by many people to buy and raise because during this time it is easier to train and educate the puppy. In addition, Rottweiler dogs are famous for their loyalty. You can raise, care for, and train them from a young age so that they are absolutely loyal to their owners.

Rottweiler puppies under 3 months old

At this age for dogs, people focus on the nutritional ingredients in each meal because this is a prerequisite period for their future development. Their food is usually minced foods such as bread, sausages, etc. This is the stage when the dog is weaned and cannot eat dog food that is too hard or too big and affects the stomach.

In addition to pureed food, dogs can eat food in powder form for easy digestion. A Rottweiler may have to eat many small meals a day (about 5 meals) instead of one large meal to avoid difficulty digesting.

Dogs raised with good nutrition will affect their appearance, weight, and physical condition in adulthood.

Rottweiler puppies from 3-5 months

When the Rottweiler dog gets a little older, you should reduce the number of meals and increase the amount of food per meal. From this point on, you should start to form good eating habits for your dog. Now you only need to eat 3 meals a day. Rotts that eat well can eat 2 meals a day.

Note: At this age, dogs are allowed to chew bones, but large bones to avoid choking.

Rottweiler dog over 5 months

During this time, Rottweiler dogs have the most changes in appearance. Their chests and muscles have begun to swell. During this time, you only need to feed 2 meals a day. But food rations have also been increased.

Because it is an active breed of dog with a large body, it will of course need a higher amount of nutrition.

How to breed Rottweiler dogs

Rottweiler dogs are often very “lucky” to give birth. At the age of 18-20 months, dogs begin to mate and reproduce. Normally, each time she breeds, a Rottweiler girl can give birth to 8 to 12 puppies.

Their care regimen during this time should be paid attention to for the best health of the mother dog and puppies. If the mother Rottweiler is well cared for, it will greatly affect the puppy’s weight at birth.


Rottweiler dogs weigh over 60kg. This is not a small level for dogs. During pregnancy, their weight can increase a lot. Therefore, their nutrition during pregnancy must be paid more attention than usual.

Design meals for each stage of their pregnancy. In the beginning, feed about 3 meals/day with enough vitamin A, vitamin D, protein, etc. Provide minerals and clean water to help the dog have the ability to get pregnant and reproduce.

Then gradually increase the number of meals to about 4 meals/day, keeping the same amount of nutrients so that the dog has the best health to raise its puppies.

Observe your dog’s signs

Observe the dog’s signs to raise, care for and promptly find out its needs when necessary. During pregnancy, Rottweiler dogs often show signs of heat. Take your dog for a walk, put the dog’s nest in a cool, airy place so that the dog can give birth and mentally prepare to give birth best.

If the dog shows signs of anorexia, stops eating, breathes faster and faster than normal and looks for a place to give birth, the Rott dog is probably about to give birth. Prepare the best to make this process go smoothly and successfully.

How to care and clean Rottweiler

Rottweiler is very active. Besides supplementing nutrition, you also need to pay attention to their activities and play to achieve the best health. Spend a lot of time running, jumping, playing, caring for and caring for them to exercise physically and train their inherent instincts, arousing more interest and attachment to humans.

Teach them to run, jump, play, and play light physical games. Then caress, caress and ask questions to create intimacy, connection and love.

The Rottweiler has a smooth, short coat that is easy to care for. You just need to brush their fur with a specialized brush and only bathe them when necessary.

Rottweiler Pictures

Do you like Rottweiler dogs? Or is there another dog breed that impresses you? Don’t hesitate to let Dogsbreed.org know and share with everyone about how to raise Rottweiler dogs. Hope you will find your best friend.

Alva Thomas
Alva Thomas
Alva Thomas expert in training and caring for pet dog breeds. Whether he spending quality time with her own furry companions or contributing to websites such as Dogsbreed.org and Animalpet.com, dedicated to our canine.

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